I’d like to start the lesson with a fable about the lion and the mouse.
A lion was asleep in the sun after a big meal one day.
A little mouse came out to play. The mouse was playing and dancing on the lion while he was sleeping. The lion caught the mouse.
“I’m going to eat you!” the lion roared, his mouth open wide.
“No, no, please don’t!” the little mouse cried. “Be kind to me and one day I will help you.”
The lion laughed very hard. But he didn’t eat the mouse because he was full.
One day the hunters has caught the lion in the net. The mouse saw the king of th jungle tied to a tree. The mouse helped the lion. It worked quickly and chewed through the rope.
The lion said, “Oh little mouse, I had no hope. Thank you, I’m free. You are the best friend there ever could be!”
Little friends may prove great friends.
What is the message of the story?
Well, people you're not really friends with now, may surprise you in the future and be there for you.
Animals are also our little but great friends. They are always loving to us. It does not matter if we are angry or sad.
First, let’s revise some of them.
Put the names of animals under the pictures.
Water creatures: shark, dolphin, whale, octopus
Big cats: cheetah, lion, tiger, leopard
Reptiles: tortoise, crocodile, snake, lizard
Insects: mosquito, spider, fly, butterfly
Birds: pigeon, penguin, eagle, ostrich
Primates: chimpanzee, gorilla, monkey
Mammals: sloth, elephant, cow, camel, bear
Which do you think are dangerous/ beautiful/ intelligent?
Look at the photos A-G. What animals/animal parts are shown?
Why do you think the parts are special?
A. An elephant’s skin:
Elephant skin is only thick in some places. It is very sensitive.
B. An eagle’s eye:
Eagle can see fish in the water from hundreds of feet away and an eagle’s sight is four times stronger than a human’s.
C. A dog’s nose:
Dogs have an amazing sense of smell. Many dogs can recognize the smell of their old owners many years after they last saw them.
D. A chameleon’s skin:
A chameleon’s skin can change colour when the cameleon needs to hide.
E. A shark’s teeth:
Some types of shark have thousands of teeth. These teeth are extremely hard. A shark can bite through iron!
F. A camel’s hump:
Camel’s humps are made of fat and allow camels to survive in the desert without food or water for up to two weeks.
G. Fly’s eyes:
Fly’s eyes are very different from human’s eyes. The shape of flies’ eyes allows them to see the world in almost 360 degrees.
We can’t fly like birds so we invented the plane.
We can’t swim like fish so we invented the boat.
We can’t run like cheetahs so we invented the car.
Man is good at inventions but we can’t beat the beasts at everything.
Do the quiz to find out which is better: man or beast?
1. Who has the best sense of direction?
a) a monarch butterfly
b) a sea turtle
OK, here is the answer. Sea turtle travel 3,000 miles a year. And when they lay eggs, they go back to the place where they were born. So they have a great sense of direction.
c) a New York taxi driver
2. Who is the best athlete?
a) a lion
b) a rat
c) a triathlete
Rats are the winners. A rat is the superman of animals. Rats can kill animals that are much bigger than they are, and they can eat electric wires. They can swim a mile and survive in water for three days. They can also jump three feet and fall forty-five feet and survive.
3. Who sleeps the most?
a) a black bear
b) a sloth
c) a human baby
Well the black bears sleep for about seven months a year. The females are even half-asleep when they have their babies. Human babies usually sleep about eighteen hours a day, but only in their first few months. So sloths are the winners. They sleep for fifteen to eighteen hours a day for their whole life.
4. Who has the best memory?
a) an elephant
b) a jay (bird)
c) a university professor
Here is the answer: female elephants remember friendly elephant faces and this helps protect the group. Jays store their food in secret places and always remember where they put it.
But humans are the winners. We have the best memory because we are able to organize time. We have notions like “yesterday”, “last week”, “tomorrow” and this helps us things better.
How many did you get correct?
Match the aniamals/people in the quiz with sentences 1-8.
1. They lay their eggs where they were born.
2. They go from Canada to Mexico every year.
3. They can eat electric wires.
4. They can survive in water for three days.
5. They sleep eighteen hours a day for the first few months of their life.
6. They sleep between 15 and 18 hours a day for their whole life.
7. They remember friendly faces.
8. They hide their food and remember where it is.
Check your ideas.
1. sea turtles
2. monarch butterflies
5. human babies
7. female elephants
Here is the final task for you. Choose the correct alternative to match the definitions.
1. a creature that has six legs and often one or two pairs of wings: insect or reptile?
2. animals which are kept by humans: domestic or wild?
3. animals with a dry scaly skin that lay eggs: reptiles or birds?
4. warm-blooded animals with hair or fur: insects or mammals?
5. animals which live free in nature: domestic or wild?
6. animals with eyes that face forward which often climb trees: reptiles or primates?
7. animals kept for meat, eggs, wool, etc.: farm animals/mammals.
Harry: You know, I’m an animal lover and I’ve got a cat. Last year I and my friends started working at the animal shelter. We help the staff members to feed, clean and exercise the animals. During the holidays we speak to children about looking after pets and importance of showing kindness to animals. I especially enjoy that!