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Задания по ОГЭ: 2 варианта (чтение,грамматика,словообразование,письмо). с ответами и пояснениями
29.11.2023

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ВАРИАНТ 1.



  1. Reading

Вы проводите информационный поиск в ходе выполнения проектной работы. Определите, в каком из текстов A–F содержатся ответы на интересующие Вас вопросы 1–7. Один из вопросов останется без ответа.



1. Which part of island of Great Britain is occupied by Scotland?

2. Which plant is the floral symbol of Scotland?

3. What games are accompanied by traditional bagpipe music?

4. Which country is often see as a magical one?

5. What are the benefits of using heather in household?

6. Why is it said that Scotland can be an excellent destination for open-air activities?

7. What are the impressive facts about Scotish Daily life?



 A. Thanks to television and films, Scotland is often seen by the rest of the world as a magical country, a land of misty mountains and the home of a lake creature called Nessie. This is the image most people have in mind. The truth, however, is completely different from the way the world thinks of Scotland. You may be surprised to find out that most Scots live in the lowlands and don’t believe in Nessie.

B. Scottish heather, a small bush with flowers, is the floral symbol of the country. The colour of the flowers usually varies from purple to lilac, but they can also be white. In the past, the Scots believed that they would never be captured by enemies and would win victories if they wore white heather. Today, when getting married, girls add white heather to bouquets to bring fortune to their family.

C. Heather has grown in Scotland as far back as its history goes. This has turned it into a kind of household good. Heather honey is rich in minerals, and was traditionally used in medicinal drinks. Thousands of years ago, dried heather was used to make perfumes, and the tough stems were used to make ropes. On many of

the northern Scottish islands, heather played a major role in the construction of houses.

D. Scotland is an excellent destination for open-air activities all year round. Its lakes and coastline are ideal for boating and rowing and have some of the best sea-kayaking in the world. The rivers are perfect for fishing and the mountains are wonderful for hill climbing and skiing. Scotland is also good for walkers. You can enjoy easy family walks or more difficult mountain hikes.

E. The Highland Games in Scotland date from long before Scotland’s written history. The various athletics allowed men to demonstrate their physical power and the skills needed for battle and survival. The Games today still include the athletic competitions in their original form together with dancing contests. All the competitors wear kilts. Traditional bagpipe music accompanies all the events.

F. Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom, occupying the northern third of the island of Great Britain. Edinburgh, the country's capital and second largest city, is one of Europe's financial centres. The population of the country is a little over 5 million people. The currency is the pound sterling although the Bank of Scotland issues its own notes and coins.

 

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Текст

A B C D E F



2. задание по грамматике и лексике.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные

заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 8-16, так,

чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста.

Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует

отдельному заданию 8-16.


8 Lisa was afraid of dogs. When she was in the

__________________ grade, a homeless dog bit her. TWO

9 When she was 14 she still __________________ forget the NOT CAN

fear and the pain.

10 Lisa lived close to her school. It took her just ten minutes to

walk. But she always took a school bus because it was

__________________ this way. FAST

11 But today the weather was wonderful. Yellow and red_____ LEAF

on trees made everything look magical. Lisa decided to walk

and take pictures on the way.

12 She almost made it to school when she saw them. A pack of

homeless dogs eating something from a McDonald’s paper bag

that somebody __________________ away the day before. THROW

12 Lisa panicked. To get to school she had to pass by

__________________ dogs! Suddenly, she felt somebody THIS

touch her hand. It was a little girl from elementary school.

14 __________________ you afraid of the dogs? Lisa asked BE

her. The girl didn’t say anything but nodded. There were tears

in her eyes.

15 All of a sudden, Lisa felt strong and brave.

“__________________,” she said. “They are busy eating. NOT WORRY

They won’t notice us.”

16 She held the girl’s hand firmly in ____ hand , and SHE

together they safely reached the school.


3. Словообразование

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами17-21 , так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами..


Many people think that the ostrich is an ugly bird.

Ostriches have long necks, long legs and round bodies. Even though they’re birds,

ostriches can’t fly because they are very heavy.

17 Ostriches may look __________________ but they are strong FUN

birds that can protect themselves.

18 When angry, ostriches can be quite __________________. DANGER

19 They use their sharp beaks and claws to scare other animals.

They have strong leg muscles, and their __________________ POWER

kicks can hurt large animals that may attack them, even lions!

20 Some people eat ostrich eggs. Ostrich eggs are bigger and

more delicious than chicken eggs, but also more______. EXPENSE

21 Australian and South African __________________ make a FARM

lot of money selling them.





4. Письмо.


You havе rеcеivеd an еmail mеssagе from your English-spеaking pеn-friеnd Tеd.

Writе a mеssagе to Tеd and answer his 3 quеstions.

Writе 100–120 words.


... Last weekend my brother and I went to the waterpark that opened not far from

where we live. It was so much fun! ...

...


Where do you usually spend your weekends?

Do you prefer spending your weekends with your family or with your friends and why?

How much homework do you usually have to do over the weekend?...









ОТВЕТЫ

ВАРИАНТ 1

Чтение : 425631.

Пояснения.

A — 4. Scotland is often seen by the rest of the world as a magical country, a land of misty mountains and the home of a lake creature called Nessie.

B — 2. Scottish heather, a small bush with flowers, is the floral symbol of the country.

C — 5. Heather honey is rich in minerals, and was traditionally used in medicinal drinks. Thousands of years ago, dried heather was used to make perfumes, and the tough stems were used to make ropes.

D — 6. Scotland is an excellent destination for open-air activities all year round. Its lakes and coastline are ideal for boating and rowing and have some of the best sea-kayaking in the world.

E — 3. Traditional bagpipe music accompanies all the events.

F — 1. Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom, occupying the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

2.3. Грамматика. Словообразование. 

8 second

9 couldn’t / could not

10 faster

11 leaves

12 had thrown

13 these

14 Are

15 Don’t worry/ Do not worry

16 her

17 funny

18 dangerous

19 powerful

20 expensive

21 farmers













ВАРИАНТ 2

1. Reading

Вы проводите информационный поиск в ходе выполнения проектной работы. Определите, в каком из текстов A–F содержатся ответы на интересующие Вас вопросы 1–7. Один из вопросов останется без ответа.



1. What is the main fact about the material of jeans?

2. What thing is one of fashion`s most long enduring trends?

3. Who had the idea of using fasteners for jeans pockets?

4. When did jeans become a symbol of oppositions for young artists and writers?

5. What is the most recognizable article of American clothing?

6. Are jeans easy to care for?

7. Who made jeans popular?

 A. Jeans are one of fashion's most long enduring trends. Cowboys wear them but so do supermodels, farmers, presidents and housewives. Ask any group of people why they wear jeans and you will get a range of answers. For some they're comfortable and easy — for others they're trendy and cool. Jeans mean different things to different people but they are popular everywhere.

B. Americans do not have a national folk dress with a long tradition. Blue jeans are probably the most recognisable article of American clothing. They have been part of American life for over 125 years. Blue denim jeans became not only an expression of American fashion but also an element of American identity known around the world.

C. Jeans were first designed as trousers for farmers and miners in the states of the American West. They quickly grew popular with common people, including cowboys, factory employees and railroad builders. The new trousers were made from a very strong material which did not wear out easily. However, at the same time jeans were very practical and comfortable to wear.

D. Pockets were the weak point of the miners' clothes — they easily tore away from the jeans. A man called Jacob Davis had the idea of using metal rivets (fasteners) to hold the pockets and the jeans together so that they wouldn't tear. Davis wanted to patent his idea, but he didn't have enough money, so he offered Levi Strauss a deal if Strauss paid for the patent. Strauss accepted and started making jeans.

E. Jeans are good because they don't show the dirt. You can easily go a month without washing them and they don't look shocking. They don't need to be washed as often as other trousers and you don't need to iron them. What's more, because of the strong material you can wear your favorite jeans for years. Even the occasional hole or spot doesn’t spoil them at all.

F. In the 30s and 40s many people began to spend their spare time watching movies where adventurous cowboys rode horses, fought bad guys and wore blue jeans. The actors made jeans popular in movies and everyone wanted to wear them. Young people wished to imitate the casual “cowboyish” look they saw in films, and they began to wear jeans as casual wear.



Запишите выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Текст

A B C D E F


2. задание по грамматике и лексике.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные

заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 8-16, так,

чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста.

Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует

отдельному заданию 8-16.



Leah and Emma came back from school early. “Would you like some

lemonade, Leah?” asked Emma. Leah looked over from the kitchen table,

8 where she ________sandwiches, and nodded. MAKE

Emma looked out of the window. It was warm and sunny. “I

9 wish we __________________ do something fun,” she said. CAN

“Would you like to have a picnic in the backyard?”

“Sure!” Leah replied. Emma found a big blanket and the girls

10 ________everything outside. They sat on the BRING

blanket and ate. “This sandwich is amazing,” Emma said.

11 “You are a master, Leah!” A gentle wind was blowing, and the _____of LEAF

the oak tree made a pleasant sound.

12. But soon, the breeze grew __________________. Some of the STRONG

oak tree’s branches shook.

13. The __________________ black clouds appeared overhead. ONE

14 “Hmm, Emma,” Leah said. “I __________________ we NOT THINK

should stay here any longer. It looks like it’s about to rain!

We’ll get wet!”

15 “Oh, come on!” said Emma. “We __________________ so BE

close to home!”

16 “Even if it __________________, it will only take us a second RAIN

to get inside!” Crack! The sky lit up with lightning, and rain

poured down. The girls ran.



3. Словообразование

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 17-21 , так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами..



Great paintings by great artists are usually kept in museums.

17 Most paintings in museums and private _________ COLLECT

have rather boring lives. This is not the case with one of the

most famous paintings ever – the Mona Lisa by Leonardo da

Vinci.

Although most people are familiar with this lady’s smile, they

may be surprised at what this painting has gone through in its

18 500 years. __________________, the portrait hung in the ORIGINAL

chateau of the King of France. Later, it decorated the wall of

Napoleon Bonaparte’s bedroom.

After the French Revolution, the painting moved to the

Louvre, where millions of people could enjoy the Mona Lisa’s

19_________________ beauty. USUAL

20 It was in 1911 that the portrait’s ____________ times DANGER

began. First, it was stolen! For two long years the police

could find nothing. Finally, in 1913, the lost lady was found!

21 The painting toured____major cities before it was returned to DIFFER

the Louvre.



4. Письмо.

You havе rеcеivеd an еmail mеssagе from your English-spеaking pеn-friеnd Tеd.

Writе a mеssagе to Tеd and answer his 3 quеstions.

Writе 100–120 words.



Last weekend we celebrated my 15th birthday. My parents gave me the best

present ever! A telescope! ...

... What was the best present you have ever received?

What kinds of presents do you usually give to your friends?

Who is the best in your family at choosing presents?



















ОТВЕТЫ

ВАРИАНТ 2.

Чтение : 251367

Пояснение.

A — 2. Jeans are one of fashion's most long enduring trends.

B — 5. Blue jeans are probably the most recognisable article of American clothing.

C — 1. The new trousers were made from a very strong material which did not wear out easily.

D — 3. A man called Jacob Davis had the idea of using metal rivets (fasteners) to hold the pockets and the jeans together so that they wouldn't tear.

E — 6. They don't need to be washed as often as other trousers and you don't need to iron them. What's more, because of the strong material you can wear your favorite jeans for years.

F — 7. The actors made jeans popular in movies and everyone wanted to wear them.

 2.3. Грамматика. Словообразование.

8 was making

9 could

10 brought

11 leaves

12 stronger

13 first

14 don’t think / do not think

15 are

16 rains

17 collections

18 Originally

19 unusual

20 dangerous

21 different



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