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Internet

Урок 28. Английский язык 9 класс ФГОС

В уроке учащиеся изучат полезные термины для эффективного пользования интернетом. Также они познакомятся с историей интернета с момента создания и до нынешнего времени. Но несмотря на большую значимость этого изобретения в нашей жизни, есть и отрицательные стороны, которые заключены всего в четырёх буквах – WILF.

Конспект урока "Internet"

Surfing, blog, travel website, search engine, online news, social networking site, music download site, video/photo sharing site, message board, forums, emails….

What do all these terms refer to?

Right! To the INTERNET!!

Thanks to this wonderful thing called the Internet you are watching this video right now.

The Internet is a large network of computers all over the planet except some remote places, for example, The South Pole.

The things that you send on the Internet are called digital information and they are made up of ones and zeros. Computers and computer programs translate the ones and zeros, so that you could see, hear and use the information.

Let’s learn how we can use the Internet to gather information and communicate with distant users.

1. Internet is a vast library of information. We can search for information on various topics.

The Internet is explored, which is more commonly referred to as surfing.

surfing the net – бороздить интернет

Finding information on the Internet is achieved by using a search engine (e.g. Google, Yahoo or Yandex).

Files, pictures, songs, and video can be shared downloading (receiving) and uploading (sending).

2. The Internet is also used for communicating with others through social networks (Facebook, VK, Instagram, Twitter), online games, forums, e-mails, chat or IM – Instant Messenger, Skype, for example).

3. We can conduct banking transactions on the computer without having to visit the bank.

4. We can buy different goods without spending a lot of time visiting the market.

5. There is a great possibility to earn while working from home.

But how did the internet get to where it is today?

There is so much in the internet history, that we couldn’t cover everything in this short video. But we definitely should. Anyway let’s get started.

The Internet got its start over 50 years ago, and computers back then filled up the entire rooms.

Scientists and researchers used it for years to communicate during the Cold War. It was useful because if one of the computers went down the other wouldn’t follow.

In 1962 a scientist J.C.R. Licklider proposed the idea of a network of computers that can talk to one another.

In 1969 a first ever message was sent from computer to another over the ARPAnet – the government’s computer at that time. ARPAnet stands for The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network. By the end of the year only four computers were connected to this network.

In 1971 the university of Hawaii was added, followed by various networks in London, and Norway two years later.

The same year Ray Tomlinson was developing the system to send mail back and forth between the users of the ARPAnet. This was called the electronic mail or e-mail for short. The @ symbol was used to tell a person’s name.

Vinton Cerf invented a way to introduce computers to each other in a virtual space.

In 1991 a computer programmer Tim Berners-Lee invented the world wide web.

It wasn’t just a way of data-sharing for scientists. It was accessible to everybody who had Internet connection.

You are using a browser now to watch this video. The most popular are Google Chrome, Opera, Mozilla Firefox or Internet Explorer.

In 1992 the first browser – Erwise was created and later on the others were introduced.

Nowadays the Internet is always available for you to use, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year.

You don't have to wait for it to open or wait for someone to make it available. It is just there, when you need it and for whatever you need.

Moreover, users of any age and condition can access it

But what are the negative effects of the Internet?

Look at the cartoon and the title of the article. What do you think wilfing is?

Let’s read the article to find out.

We’ve all done it, but now wilfing on the internet is becoming a real problem.

Wilfing (short for “What Was I Looking For”) describes what happens when you spend a lot of time on the internet without doing anything in particular. A new report has shown how computer users waste up to two days a month on the internet. Most of the people who were questioned said they were distracted “all or most of the time” when they work or study online. The study showed that the internet can be bad for relationships too, as people argue with their partners who spend too much time in front of the computer. Luckily, there is a simple answer to the problem: Get off the computer and get on with your life.

Let’s listen what other people think about the internet.

A: I use the internet all day at work. I “wilf” and get my done.

B: Yeah, me too.

A: I’m sorry, but I really don’t see what the problem is.

C: I think the problem is that lots of workers spend all day on the internet instead of doing their work.

A: Hmm…

C: And students at the universities are failing their exams because they spend all their time checking Facebook and watching the videos that friends send them.

B: Yes, that’s true, but … um … I don’t think, you know. I don’t think that the problem is the internet. You know, I think the problem is with the website like Facebook.

A: Yeah ….

B: Some companies stop you from using certain websites. And I think that’s OK.

C: But it’s such a waste of time.

A: I’m not sure about that. Using the internet helps to give you a break. It’s like having a cup of coffee.

B: Yes, that’s right. It’s the same as going to the bookshop or looking through a pile of magazines.

C: I’m afraid I totally disagree. The problem is that people are addicts. People aren’t addicted to reading books, but the internet is different. People spend too much time in front of the computer. They choose the internet over sports and going out. They forget how to live in real world, and “wilfing” is a part of that.

Harry: That was an interesting programme.

Now mark the statements as True or False.

1. The men both use the internet at work.

2. The woman thinks people shouldn’t use the internet when they are at work.

3. The men both think that the internet is a waste of time.

4. The woman says some people prefer the internet to sport.

Look at the statements. Choose the ideas that are mentioned in the conversation.

Surfing on the net is:

1. addictive. Some people can’t stop using it.

2. bad for relationships.

3. dangerous. You can meet dangerous people on the internet.

4. good when you want a break from work. It’s like having a cup of coffee.

5. causing people to fail their exams because they spend too much time on social networking sites.

6. a waste of time.

Now read the following statements. Do you agree / disagree?

These phrases may be helpful.

You shouldn’t believe what you read on the internet.

The internet has made the world a better place.

A lot of technology we use is not necessary.

It’s better to talk to someone than to send them a text message.

Downloading songs for free is OK.

Online books will mean the end of bookshops.

Everybody in the world should have a computer.

Harry: Surely, without the Internet we wouldn’t be able to access the information in seconds; we wouldn’t be able to communicate with people from around the world, share ideas or educate those who might not get a chance elsewhere.

But we should always remember about the down side of it.

How would your life be different without the Internet?

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