In today’s lesson we’re going to look at phrasal verb COME and some confusing words.
So COME on. Let’s start!
Phrasal verbs are very common in spoken and written English. So we need them to understand and speak natural English.
Phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb.
Have you ever come across some phrasal verbs that use the verb COME?
In its primary meaning the phrasal verb “come” is translated as «приходить».
But if it is used with the prepositions, it has a
completely different meaning and some of them have more than one. So let’s
consider some of them.
COME ACROSS – to find / meet by chance
E.g. When I was cleaning my room, I came across my old camera.
She came across her sister when she was walking to the university.
COME ALONG – to accompany someone when going somewhere
E.g. We’re going to get ice cream. Want to come along?
She came along with us to the theatre.
COME BACK – to return
E.g. He’s still hoping his ex-girlfriend will come back to him, even after all these years.
Is the singer expected to come back?
COME DOWN WITH – to become ill with something (a cold, the flu)
E.g. Many people came down with flu this spring.
COME IN – to get in, enter
E.g. Come in and do not make noise.
Miniskirts are coming in again.
COME OFF – when something becomes separated or unstuck from another thing
E.g. The paint is starting to come off the wall in the kitchen.
The stuff on my body didn't seem to want to come off unless I scrubbed.
1. when used as an exclamation, it can be encouragement for someone to do something.
E.g. “I don’t want to dance. I’m no good at it; everyone will laugh at me. – Oh, come on! Nobody here cares whether or not you can dance.”
2. to develop, make progress
E.g. Wow, Nicky, your English is really coming on!
1. to appear or leave the inside of a place
E.g. It’s cloudy right now, but the sun should come out later.
2. to be released publically
E.g. The new Batman movie came out yesterday. It looks good!
1. to come to someone’s house
E.g. If you come over tomorrow after school, I’ll help you with your homework.
2. to move to another country
E.g. She came over to France in 2010.
COME THROUGH – to produce or deliver a result
E.g. I thought my favorite basketball team would lose the game, but the offense came through and scored 15 points in the last five minutes.
Coming through! – Разрешите пройти?
1. to rise
E.g. The temperature of our room should not come up.
We watched the sun come up.
2. to happen unexpectedly
E.g. I’m sorry I missed your birthday party. Something came up at the last minute, and I couldn’t go.
I'm afraid something urgent has come up.
COME UP WITH – to create or invent something
E.g. He has been thinking all day but he can’t come up with anything.
Kate came up with a great idea for the party.
The English language has a few words that appear so similar that it's hard to tell the difference.
In this part of our lesson, we will cover some of them.
scenes / sightings / sights
1. part of film, play or book in which the events happen in one place – сцена, эпизод
E.g. The scene of Hamlet is Denmark
2. a view or picture of a place, event, or activity – пейзаж
E.g. The scene from the hill was breathtaking.
sighting(s): an occasion when you see something that is rare or unusual –
E.g. Where was the latest UFO sighting?
1. the ability to use your eyes to see – зрение
E.g. Doctors managed to save his sight.
2. something that you see, especially something interesting – вид, зрелище
E.g. The northern lights were an amazing sight.
witnesses / spectators / investigators
Witness: someone who sees an accident or crime – очевидец, свидетель
E.g. As a witness to the event, I can confirm that he really said that.
Spectator: a person who watches an activity, especially a sports event, without taking part – зритель.
E.g. They won 4–0 in front of over 40,000 cheering spectators.
Investigator: someone who tries to discover all the facts about something, especially as their job – следователь, исследователь.
E.g. The most difficult problem before the investigator is that of the constitution of the universe.
same / similar / alike
Same means that two or more things are identical with no differences at all – такой же, одинаковый.
We use the patterns same + noun/pronoun.
When we use same to compare people or things, we must use it with «the».
E.g. My new car is the same model as my old one.
Similar means almost identical but have some minor differences – похожий.
We use the patterns similar to, a similar + noun.
E.g. My car is similar to your car. The only difference between them is only the colour.
Alike as an adjective means ‘similar’ – похожий.
Alike is only used after a verb such as be, seem, look, but not before a noun.
E.g. The two men, who looked alike, sat silently in the corner.
: The two alike men
fantasy / imagination / illusion
Fantasy: a situation or event that you imagine, which is not real or true – фантазия
E.g. Her fantasy is to be a film star.
Imagination: the ability to create ideas or pictures in your mind – воображение
E.g. The job needs someone with creativity and imagination.
Illusion: an idea or belief that is not true – иллюзия, обман
E.g. He had no illusions about his talents as a singer.
That`s all for today.
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