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Countries and their сapitals

Урок 9. Английский язык 8 класс ФГОС

С помощью карты учащиеся наглядно знакомятся с 25 странами Европы и их столицами.

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Конспект урока "Countries and their сapitals"

Today we are going to learn how to pronounce some countries of Europe and their capitals.

Look at the map. We’ll name the country, for example, Russia. And then this country will be coloured on the map. And you’ll see the name of the country right on the map. Then we’ll name the capital, for example, Moscow. Moscow is a capital of… Russia, of course.

And you’ll see how the capital appears on the map. We are going to learn pronunciation of 25 different countries in alphabetical order. And then we learn pronunciation of their capitals. Are you ready? Let’s start then.

Austria [ˈɒstrɪə]

Belarus [ˌbɛləˈrʊs]

Belgium [ˈbɛldʒəm]

Bulgaria [bʌlˈɡɛərɪə]

Denmark [ˈdɛnmɑːk]

England [ˈɪŋɡlənd]

Finland [ˈfɪnlənd]

France [frɑːn(t)s]

Do you remember these countries?

What is the name of this one? Yes, it’s Austria.

And that one? Belarus.

Do you remember this country? It’s Belgium.

What about that? It’s Bulgaria.

What is this? Denmark.

What is the name of this country? England.

Do you know what this country is? Finland.

Can you remind me the name of this one? France.

Now we can continue, 8 more countries.

Germany [ˈdʒɜːmənɪ ]

Greece [ɡriːs]

Hungary [ˈhʌŋɡ(ə)rɪ]

Ireland [ˈaɪələnd]

Italy [ˈɪt(ə)lɪ]

Norway [ˈnɔːweɪ]

Poland [ˈpəʊlənd]

Portugal [ˈpɔːtʃəɡ(ə)l, -tjə-]

What is the name of this country? Germany.

And that one? Greece.

Do you remember this country? Hungary.

What about that one? Ireland.

What is this? Italy.

What is the name of this country? Norway.

Do you know what this country is? Poland.

Can you remind me the name of this one? Portugal.

At last, the rest 8 countries.

Romania [rʊˈmeɪnɪə]

Russia [ˈrʌʃə]

Slovakia [sləˈvækɪə]

Spain [speɪn]

Sweden [ˈswiːd(ə)n]

Switzerland [ˈswɪts(ə)lənd]

The Czech Republic [tʃɛk]

The Netherlands [ˈnɛðələndz]

And now we will see the capitals of all these countries. Listen attentively and try to repeat correctly right after me.

Capitals

Vienna [vɪˈɛnə] Do you know what country Vienna is the capital of? Right, it is the capital of Austria.

Minsk [mɪnsk] What country is Minsk the capital of? It is the capital of Belarus.

Brussels [ˈbrʌs(ə)lz] Can you guess the country Brussels is the capital of? Yes, it is Belgium.

Sofia [ˈsəʊfɪə, səˈfiːə ] Can you name the country Sofia is the main city of? Correct, Bulgaria.

Copenhagen [ˌkəʊpənˈheɪɡ(ə)n, -ˈhɑːɡ(ə)n ] What about the country Copenhagen is the capital of? Naturally, Denmark.

London [ˈlʌndən] Of course, you can easily tell me what country London is the capital of. It is 2,000 years old. And it is the capital of England. And it is the capital city of the United Kingdom as well.

Helsinki [hɛlˈsɪŋkɪ] [ˈhɛlsɪŋkɪ] It is widely known that Helsinki is the capital of… of Finland.

Paris [ˈpærɪs] You can’t make mistake in this case. Paris is the capital of… of France, of course.

Berlin [bɜːˈlɪn], [bəːˈlɪn] You can’t be wrong. Berlin is the capital of … of Germany.

Athens [ˈæθ(ə)nz] If you go to Athens, you can see the Greeks, because it is the capital of … of Greece. Nice!

Budapest [ˌbuːdəˈpɛst] Budapest is situated on the banks of very famous river Danube [ˈdænjuːb], so you can say  that it is the capital city of … Hungary.

Dublin [ˈdʌblɪn] Dublin sounds a little bit different in Russian, but you can guess that it is the capital of… Ireland.

Rome [rəʊm]It is very often called Eternal [ɪˈtɜːn(ə)l] City, because Rome is really one of the oldest capitals in the world, and it is the capital of … Italy.

Oslo [ˈɒzləʊ] If you watch Eurovision contest, you will know that Oslo is the capital of… Norway.

Warsaw [ˈwɔːsɔː] The pronunciation of this city varies in different languages. Warsaw is the capital of … Poland.

Lisbon [ˈlɪzbən] Really difficult to guess the country, but you should try to… It’s the capital of … Portugal.

Bucharest [ˌbuːkəˈrɛst] It is the biggest sity and it is the capital of … Romania.

Moscow [ˈmɒskəʊ] In this way foreigners call the capital of … Russia. Moscow.

Bratislava [ˌbratɪˈslɑːvə] This city is situated on the border of two states—Austria and Hungary. But it is the capital of … Slovakia.

Madrid [məˈdrɪd] Madrid is the biggest city and the capital of … Spain.

Stockholm [ˈstɒkhəʊm] Stockholm is home for the Swedes. So, it is the capital of … Sweden.

Bern [bəːn] The Swiss live in Bern because it is the central city of Switzerland.

Prague [prɑːɡ ] It is the capital and the largest city in … Czech Republic.

Amsterdam [amstəˈdam] It is one of the top financial centers of Europe. And it is the capital of … the Netherlands.

We have learnt the pronunciation of 25 European countries. And now we learn how to name their capitals. But we must also know that if we take into account only the European part of Russia still it will be the biggest country in Europe. And Moscow is the biggest capital city.

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