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Diffculties in teaching Grammar

Difficulties in teaching English grammar
14.11.2019

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Difficulties in teaching English grammar

Difficulties in teaching English grammar

‘ What is grammar?’ is the kind of question that seems easy to answer until somebody asks it. Michael Swan

‘ What is grammar?’ is the kind of question that seems easy to answer until somebody asks it.

Michael Swan

What is grammar? A   The system of rules and tools B   a process that lets you communicate with other people C  an important professional skill for teachers

What is grammar?

A The system of rules and tools

B a process that lets you communicate with other people

C an important professional skill for teachers

What is grammar for? A   to learn about the system of English B   to communicate in English C  to give me status as a teacher / to tell my students how English works

What is grammar for?

A to learn about the system of English

B to communicate in English

C to give me status as a teacher / to tell my students how English works

Aims of grammar in EFL strengthen grammatical accuracy in a fun and purposeful way teach learners to express themselves as clearly as possible with confidence  increase grammar awareness among young learners  meet learning styles wherever possible

Aims of grammar in EFL

  • strengthen grammatical accuracy in a fun and purposeful way
  • teach learners to express themselves as clearly as possible with confidence

  • increase grammar awareness among young learners

  • meet learning styles wherever possible
Reading Reading Reading Reading Skills of teaching grammar Receptive Productive Writing Writing Writing Writing Listening Listening Speaking Speaking

Reading

Reading

Reading

Reading

Skills of teaching grammar

Receptive

Productive

Writing

Writing

Writing

Writing

Listening

Listening

Speaking

Speaking

Productive or Active Grammar Skills ( Speaking and writing) Psychological structure of the action The action owing frequent experience The action becomes more frequent, correct and accurate The number of operations are shortened  Fullness of understanding  Quality of performing One should study the basic sentences or models

Productive or Active Grammar Skills ( Speaking and writing)

  • Psychological structure of the action
  • The action owing frequent experience
  • The action becomes more frequent, correct and accurate
  • The number of operations are shortened

Fullness of understanding

Quality of performing

One should study the basic sentences or models

Receptive (perceptive) Skills  Listening and reading To identify the grammar form according to the formal feature of words To know the ways of expressing grammatical forms in the language One should identify and analyze the grammar item.

Receptive (perceptive) Skills Listening and reading

  • To identify the grammar form according to the formal feature of words
  • To know the ways of expressing grammatical forms in the language

One should identify and analyze the grammar item.

Major Methods  The Grammar – Translation Method The Direct Method The Audio-lingual Method

Major Methods

  • The Grammar – Translation Method
  • The Direct Method
  • The Audio-lingual Method
The Grammar – Translation Method The books begin with definitions of the parts of speech, conjugations, rules to be memorized, examples illustrating the rules and exceptions.

The Grammar – Translation Method

The books begin with definitions of the parts of speech, conjugations, rules to be memorized, examples illustrating the rules and exceptions.

The Direct Method Lots of active oral interaction, spontaneous use of the language, no translation between first and second languages, and little or no analysis of the rules.

The Direct Method

Lots of active oral interaction, spontaneous use of the language, no translation between first and second languages, and little or no analysis of the rules.

Audio-lingual Method  (Mimicry-memorization Method) Some basic sentences are memorized by imitation. Their meaning is given in normal expressions in the native language, and the students are not expected to translate word for word.

Audio-lingual Method (Mimicry-memorization Method)

Some basic sentences are memorized by imitation. Their meaning is given in normal expressions in the native language, and the students are not expected to translate word for word.

A general model for introducing new language  Lead-in (Context is introduced)  Elicitation (How well the pupils can produce the new language )  Explanation (Shows how the new language is formed)  Accurate reproduction (Pupils are asked to repeat and practice a certain number of models )  Immediate creativity (Controlled practice)

A general model for introducing new language

  • Lead-in (Context is introduced)
  • Elicitation (How well the pupils can produce the new language )
  • Explanation (Shows how the new language is formed)
  • Accurate reproduction (Pupils are asked to repeat and practice a certain number of models )
  • Immediate creativity (Controlled practice)
Correction  Repeating  Echoing  Denial  Questioning  Expression

Correction

  • Repeating
  • Echoing
  • Denial
  • Questioning
  • Expression
Types of Exercises  Recognition Exercises ( Speaking, Listening Skill)  Drill Exercises (Reading, Writing, Speaking Skill)  - Repetitive Drill  - Substitution  - Completion  Creative Exercises (Speaking, Reading, Listening Skill)

Types of Exercises

  • Recognition Exercises ( Speaking, Listening Skill)
  • Drill Exercises (Reading, Writing, Speaking Skill)

- Repetitive Drill

- Substitution

- Completion

  • Creative Exercises (Speaking, Reading, Listening Skill)
Final Recap ‘ Grammar,’ as a word, has many shades of meaning. When it comes to attempts to describe language, there are many different ‘grammars’. Language came first: grammar is just an attempt to describe it! You already have expert implicit knowledge about language. When teaching, remember to focus on language in context and on how any features you teach can be used in students’ own writing . What is easy to hear, and easy to see, is easy to remember, is easy to learn. Listen for grammar. What is easy to hear, and easy to see, is easy to remember, is easy to learn. Listen for grammar. What is easy to hear, and easy to see, is easy to remember, is easy to learn. Listen for grammar.

Final Recap

  • ‘ Grammar,’ as a word, has many shades of meaning.
  • When it comes to attempts to describe language, there are many different ‘grammars’.
  • Language came first: grammar is just an attempt to describe it!
  • You already have expert implicit knowledge about language.
  • When teaching, remember to focus on language in context and on how any features you teach can be used in students’ own writing .
  • What is easy to hear, and easy to see, is easy to remember, is easy to learn. Listen for grammar.
  • What is easy to hear, and easy to see, is easy to remember, is easy to learn. Listen for grammar.
  • What is easy to hear, and easy to see, is easy to remember, is easy to learn. Listen for grammar.
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