Меню
Видеоучебник
Видеоучебник  /  Английский язык  /  Подготовка к ЕГЭ по английскому языку. Часть 2  /  English-speaking countries: geographical position, climate, population, cities and villages, landmarks

English-speaking countries: geographical position, climate, population, cities and villages, landmarks

Урок 9. Подготовка к ЕГЭ по английскому языку. Часть 2

С помощью этого видеоурока ребята узнают о географическом положении, климате и населении США и Великобритании. Также учащиеся узнают о том, какие достопримечательности существуют в этих странах, познакомятся с самыми известными городами и деревнями.

Конспект урока "English-speaking countries: geographical position, climate, population, cities and villages, landmarks"

There are lots of English-speaking countries in the world. Among these countries are the UK, the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and so on.

Each English-speaking country has its own history, customs, traditions and national holidays. But all these countries have a common language. This language is English.

So, today in the lesson we will:

● talk about such English-speaking countries as the UK and the USA;

And

● put the knowledge into practice.

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the official name of the British Kingdom. The short variant is the UK. The total area of the UK is over 242 thousand square kilometres.

The UK is situated on the British Isles and consists of four countries. They are England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast.

The UK is washed by the Atlantic Ocean, the Irish Sea and the North Sea.

Mountains in the UK are not very high. The highest mountain is Ben Nevis in Scotland.

There are a lot of rivers and lakes in Great Britain. The longest river is the Severn. The best-known lake is Loch Ness.

Now let’s talk about the USA.

The United States of America is the official name of the country. The short variant is the USA. The total area of the USA is about 10 million square kilometers.

The capital of the USA is Washington, D.C.

(D.C. means District of Columbia)

The United States is situated in the central part of the North American continent.

The USA is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.

The continental part of the USA consists of two highland and two lowland regions. The highland regions are the Appalachian Mountains and the Cordillera.

There are a lot of rivers and lakes in the USA. The longest rivers are the Mississippi and the Missouri. The largest lake is Lake Superior.

Now let’s read the letter from Jack. In this letter he describes the climate of the UK.

Hi, I’m Jack and I live in the UK. The climate of the country is mild and moderate. The temperature in Great Britain is between 5 below zero and 23 above zero.

The driest period is from March to June and the wettest months are from October to January. July and August are usually the warmest months. January and February are the coldest ones.

Now let’s read the letter from Kyle. In this letter he describes the climate of the USA.

Hi, I’m Kyle and I live in the USA. The climate of the country varies from moderate to subtropical. The USA is a very large country, so it has several different climate zones.

The coldest regions are in the north and northeast, where a lot of snow falls in winter. In the west the temperature changes little between winter and summer months. The climate of eastern and central America is continental. The south has a subtropical climate.

Now look! This is Melanie and she would like to tell you about the population of the UK and the USA.

“Hi, I’m Melanie and I’ve got lots of friends in the UK and in the USA. That’s why I can tell you about the population of these two countries.

The population of the UK is over 68 million people. This country is inhabited by the English, the Scots, the Welsh and the Irish. These four nationalities make up the British nation. The British are reserved, polite and well-mannered people.

The population of the USA is over 334 million people. There are many ethnic groups in the United States. The largest group is Black Americans. American people are very friendly, cheerful, open-hearted and relaxed.”

Guys, we’ve talked about the geographical position, climate and population of the UK and the USA. Now…

Complete the sentences about the UK!

Let’s check the right answers!

1. The official name of the country is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

2. The total area of the UK is over 242 thousand square kilometres.

3. The United Kingdom is situated on the British Isles.

4. The UK is washed by the Atlantic Ocean, the Irish Sea and the North Sea.

5. The climate of the United Kingdom is mild and moderate.

6. The population of the UK is over 68 million people.

Now…

Complete the sentences about the USA!

Let’s check the right answers!

1. The official name of the country is the United States of America.

2. The total area of the USA is about 10 million square kilometres.

3. The USA is situated in the central part of the North American continent.

4. The country is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.

5. The climate of the country varies from moderate to subtropical.

6. The population of the USA is over 334 million people.

Now let’s talk about the landmarks, cities and villages of the UK and the USA.

There are many different villages in the United Kingdom. The most beautiful of them are:

Snowshill, England

Glenarm, Northern Ireland

Ombersley, England

Plockton, Scotland

Tintern, Wales

Most of the people in the United Kingdom live in towns and cities. One of the most important cities of the UK is London.

The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh. It is one of the most written about and photographed cities in the world.

The main cities of Wales are Cardiff, Swansea and Newport.

Belfast, the capital of Northern Ireland, is one of the youngest capitals of the world. There are many places of interest in Great Britain, which are worth visiting.

One of the most famous and mysterious sites of Great Britain is Stonehenge.

The other beautiful landmarks of the UK are:

The British Museum, London

Stirling Castle, Scotland

Westminster Abbey, London

Edinburgh Castle, Scotland

Pembroke Castle, Wales

Buckingham Palace, London

Belfast Castle, Northern Ireland

Tower Bridge, London

Cardiff Castle, Wales

Big Ben, London

And so on.

Now let’s talk about the USA.

People in the United States don’t really use the term “village”. If the place where they live is really small, they prefer to call it “a small town”. The most beautiful small towns in the USA are:

Carmel-by-the-Sea, California

Madison, Georgia

Nashville, Indiana

Stowe, Vermont

Whitefish, Montana

There are also many interesting and impressive LARGE cities in the USA. Among these cities are:

New York City. It is an industrial and cultural centre of the United States.

Chicago. This city is famous for its strong winds.

Los Angeles. It’s the centre of the film industry.

San Francisco. This city is famous for its bridges and fog.

Washington, D.C. This city is the capital and the heart of the United States.

The USA is a wonderful country that has a lot of amazing landmarks, which are worth visiting. For example:

The Statue of Liberty, New York City

The White House, Washington, D.C.

The Grand Canyon, Arizona

Horseshoe Bend, Arizona

The Empire State Building, New York City

The Lincoln Memorial, Washington, D.C.

Oak Alley Plantation, Louisiana

The United States Capitol, Washington, D.C.

The Brooklyn Bridge, New York City

Hoover Dam, Nevada and so on.

We’ve talked about some British and American villages, cities and landmarks.

Now…

Match the names of the landmarks with the pictures!

Let’s check the right answers!

1. Buckingham Palace

2. Cardiff Castle

3. Edinburgh Castle

4. The Lincoln Memorial

5. The Grand Canyon

6. The Statue of Liberty

7. Belfast Castle

8. Big Ben

9. Westminster Abbey

10. The White House

Now… Answer the question!

Where can you find these landmarks? Write the name of the city under each picture!

Let’s check the right answers!

That’s all for now! In conclusion, I would like to say that the UK and the USA are beautiful and amazing countries. Although they are situated in different parts of the world, they share the same language. In my opinion, the UK and the USA are definitely worth visiting!

39

Комментарии 0

Чтобы добавить комментарий зарегистрируйтесь или на сайт