In today’s lesson we’re going to look at phrasal verb MAKE and some confusing words.
Let’s start with the phrasal verb MAKE.
Phrasal verbs are very common in spoken and written English. So we need them to understand and speak natural English.
Phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb.
The verbs with “make” are quite popular in English language.
In its primary meaning the phrasal verb “make” is translated as «делать».
But if it is used with the prepositions, it has a completely different meaning and some of them have more than one. So let’s consider some of them.
Make for (Something) = to move in the direction of; head for.
Let's make for the exit before the crowd starts to leave.
He made for his apartment a couple of hours ago.
Make (somebody/something) into (somebody/something) = to convert or change into.
His father said that joining the army would make him into a real man.
Many flats are being made into offices nowadays.
Make (something) out
1. to be able to hear, read or see something
He spoke so quietly we could hardly make out what he was saying.
If you can make out the billboard from such a distance you really have excellent vision.
2. to fill out the details of a document (usually a check)
Could you make out a bill?
3. to deal with
How did you make out yesterday on the biology test?
How is she making out with the recent death of her mother?
Make of = to think and have an opinion about something
What do you make of his latest suggestion?
I don't know what to make of her suddenly unfriendly attitude to me.
Make off = to hurry away, especially in order to escape
The thieves had to make off in their car when the police arrived.
The pop star made off from the concert before the fans could find him.
Make off with = to steal something and hurry away.
The burglars made off with the jewelry.
1. to apply make up, rouge, powder, eyeliner, etc.
It took the clown 10 minutes to make up his face.
The stylist made up her eyes that they looked huge for the party.
2. to invent a story, usually to deceive or entertain
My four-year-old niece is always making up stories.
He always makes up wonderful fairytales about distant lands for the children before they go to sleep.
3. to form or constitute something
It's an interesting neighbourhood because it's made up of people from all over the world.
We need two more people to make up a football team.
4. to prepare a bed (or something) for use.
The room is tidy. I just have to make up the bed for you.
5. to put something together from many different things.
Let's make up an Easter basket for your nephew.
6. To become friendly with someone again, usually after an argument or fight.
After three years without talking to each other, they finally made up.
Make up for = to compensate for something
I know I ruined your favourite dress but I hope this new one I bought you makes up for it.
He sent me a present to make up for his being impolite yesterday.
The English language has a few words that appear so similar that it's hard to tell the difference.
In this part of our lesson, we will cover some confusing words.
brush / sweep
BRUSH means to clean something or make something smooth with a brush – чистить, расчёсывать.
I can't brush your hair if you don't keep still!
Don't forget to brush your teeth.
SWEEP means to clean especially a floor by using a brush to collect the dirt into one place from which it can be removed – подметать.
Please sweep the floor.
She swept the ashes from the fireplace.
clean / wash
CLEAN – to make clean; to remove dirt from something – чистить; очищать.
I'm going to clean the windows this morning.
You should always clean your teeth after meals.
This carpet doesn't clean very well.
WASH – to clean something using water – мыть, умываться, стирать.
This T-shirt has been washed so many times that it's lost its shape.
We have to wash the dishes.
Did you wash your hands?
Do the cleaning – делать уборку
It's your turn to do the cleaning.
Do the washing (up) – стирать; мыть посуду
After you've eaten, you can do the washing up.
I have to do some washing – I’ve got no clean clothes.
cupboard / wardrobe
CUPBOARD is a piece of furniture or a small part of a room with a door or doors behind which there is space for storing things, usually on shelves.
I heard a voice from the cupboard shouting "Let me out!"
I keep all the children's playthings in that big cupboard.
WARDROBE is 1. a tall cupboard in which you hang your clothes:
He hung his suit in the wardrobe.
She was showing me her new built-in wardrobes.
2. all of the clothes that a person owns:
Jeans are an indispensable part of most people's wardrobe.
She wants to update her wardrobe.
That`s all for today.
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