1. Read the text
Darwin had not planned to be a scientist. He wanted to become a doctor. But he was interested in plants and animals.
A friend who knew about Darwin's interest in nature invited him to take the trip. Charles was 22 when he left England for a five-year trip around the world.
This trip is a very important one in the history of science, for it led Darwin to write one of the worlds most famous books. The book is "The Origin of Species".
It gives Darwin's ideas of how all the plants and animals of today have come from the very simple plants and animals that first lived on the Earth. Darwin was seasick for much of the voyage, but he came back with the notes for his great book.
He visited the Galapagos Islands, Australia, New Zealand. There he saw many strange plants and animals.
These were Darwin's chief ideas: many more plants and animals are produced than can possibly live. There is no two plants and animals, even of the same kind, which would be exactly alike.
The idea that all the plants and animals of today came from the simple plants and animals of long ago is called "The theory of evolution".
2. From the following statements, choose true or false option:
1. Darwin wanted to become a scientist.
2. Charles was 22 when he left England for a five-year trip around the world.
3. He made "The theory of evolution".
4. Darwin's brother invited him to take the trip.
3. Find the equivalents of the following words and expressions in the text:
4. Answer the questions:
1. Did Darwin want to become a doctor?
2. What was important in the history of science? (If we are talking about Darwin's life)
3. What places did he visit during his trip?
4. What were Darwin's chief ideas?